Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial cause of sexually transmitted diseases. It causes trachoma, an eye disease that is the leading cause of blindness in the world and also lymphogranuloma venereum – sexually transmitted disease expanded in tropical and subtropical countries. In recent decades there has been an increase in sexually transmitted chlamydia infections, especially among adolescents and young people. After an incubation period of one to three weeks a whitish, sometimes purulent mucoid discharge from urethra or vagina appears. Unfortunately, chlamydial infections are often asymptomatic in most women and a large number of men. Unrecognized infection spreads and progresses the genital tract of women and leads to progression of infection in the reproductive organs, uterus and fallopian tubes.
The consequences can be ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages or infertility which are a very large public health problem. In addition, chlamydial infection can be spread from infected mother on a child during childbirth. Therefore, it is necessary to discover the infection as soon as possible and start with an appropriate antibiotic treatment.