Dermatomycosis is a skin, nails and hair disease caused by fungi. Certain population groups such as elders with weaker circulation in hands and feet or athletes exposed to stronger load in lower extremities are more susceptible to fungal infection. In rare cases, fungal infections can cause serious complication in people with compromised immunity (people on chemotherapy, HIV infection / AIDS).
Fungal skin infections are transmitted through direct contact with infected animal hair or skin or indirectly through objects that have been in contact with infected animal, usually a dog, cat, hamster or rabbit and domestic livestock. The most common fungal infections of human skin are caused by dermatophytes or yeasts and less frequently molds. They are distributed everywhere, so certain types of fungi live in the soil (geofilne fungi), parasites on animals (zoophilic fungi or animal) or human (antropofilne mushrooms).
Clinical features of fungal skin infections depends on the cause, localization of skin changes, preservation of the skin that forms a solid barrier to fungi penetration and immune status of the host.