In addition to adequate prevention, allergic diseases should be treated according to the recommendations of pediatric allergist and pulmonologists, since it is a chronic disease and treatment to each patient depends on the type and severity of symptoms.
Symptomatic treatment (nose and eye drops, cough syrups) and antihistamines are the main drugs prescribed. Appropriate therapy is also used for the symptoms of bronchospasm and laryngospasm.
In the case of more severe form of diseasae, treatment with corticosteroids is also possible – either by inhalation (via aerosols or drops for inhalation) or nasal sprays and eye drops.
Sometimes in acute exacerbations, corticosteroids can also be given as injections. There is also the possibility of treatment with hyposensitization (allergen specific immunotherapy) which is recommended in cases where there is an allergy to one or a few allergens.
Allergen specific immunotherapy is most often used for allergies to mites, grass pollen, weeds and trees, but also for allergies to bee or wasp stings.
Hyposensitization is a procedure by which the body is exposed to small doses of an allergen in order to develop tolerance, so that in contact with this allergen, a severe reaction does not develop. Hyposensitization is the only etiological therapy used in the treatment of allergic diseases.
In the treatment of allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis has been shown to be effective and efficient in selected patients with the use of standardized and selected preparations, under the supervision of a pediatrician subspecialist allergist.